GLOSSARY OF WATCHES
Automatic watches are the movements that do not require battery.
Rather than the battery as a power source for the movement, the self
winding movement from kinetic motion powers the watch for the life of
the watches. Typically but not always, the automatic watches are
thicker in case and slightly heavier.
The bezel is the ring portion of a watch around the crystal. Depending
on the watch, the bezel may be plain, or has markers and numbers on
the bezel. Some watches come with unidirectional rotating, where the
bezel can be rotated.
Bracelets are none leather or none metallic materials that are used to
wrap around a person's wrist. The bracelets can come in Titanium,
stainless steel, rubber, and other form of materials.
The case refers to the body of a watch. The case is important in that
it protects the central movement of the watches from exposure to environment
Chronographs are watches that have additional sundials on the face of
the watches. These subdials are typically used to measure hours,
minutes, and seconds as a stop watch.
Chronometer refers to watch movements that have been certified. These
certified moments are passed through rigorous tests for accuracy. The coveted
tests are performed by the C.O.S.C. in Switzerland. Such watches contain a
certificate attesting to this from the institute.
The “crown” refers to the knob on the outside of the watchcase,
which is used to wind the watch. The crown is also used for many other
functions such as to set the
time and calendar date.
This refers to a buckle that connects the two ends of the watchband at
all times. The wearer deploys the buckle to put the watch on and then
fastens it securely onto the wrist. When the clasp is fastened, the
buckle hides the deployment mechanism.
The “dial” refers to the face of the watch and is a term usually
used when referencing the color. A dial may contain smaller
“sub-dials” for seconds, minutes, or hours (see chronograph).
End of Battery Life Indicator
This feature is an indicator that the batteries are running low on the
watches. Generally, the second hand will
start ticking in 5 second increments instead of the normal one second
at a time.
The “links” are the individual metallic pieces that connect to form the
The movement refers to how the watch operates. The movement
is the mechanism that keeps the time running. Movements are either
quartz or automatic.
Quartz movement watches are watches that require battery, and
watches use quartz technology. The average life span of a battery is
The “crystal” is the covering on the face of the watch.
Sapphire crystals are scratch resistant and are less prone to breakage
then standard mineral crystals. In general, luxury watches contain the
more expensive, sapphire crystal.
A strap refers to a watchband made of none
metallic and instead from leather, plastic, or a generic fabric.
This bezel can move in one direction and is used for mathematical and
time past uses.
Unless otherwise specified, water resistant watches can safely
withstand minimal contact with water (i.e. getting splashed from the
sink faucet). Most watches contain this feature.
Some watches will specify that they are water resistant up to 30
meters and some may go up to 1000 meters. This means that the watch
can be completely submerged up to the stated depth without damage.